Collateral Consequences of Criminal Records



Citations

Citations

  1. In line with that national trend, roughly 3 in 4 Washingtonians entering community supervision were unemployed in 2015 and thus unlikely to contribute to the local economy.
    https://www.urban.org/research/publication/criminal-background-checks-and-access-jobs/view/full_report p. 11
  2. Beyond Second Chances pg. 42 “92 percent of U.S. employers performed criminal background checks either on all prospective employees or some positions.”
  3. Holzer, H., Raphael, S., & Stoll, M. (2003). How willing are employers to hire ex-offenders? Focus, 23(2), 40-43. “41% of local DC regulations lead to an automatic denial of employment for people with a criminal record.” https://www.urban.org/research/publication/criminal-background-checks-and-access-jobs/view/full_report p 16
  4. Ban the Box and Racial Discrimination pg. 3 “The likelihood of a callback was even lower for black testers with a criminal record (10 percent) compared with whites with a criminal record (22 percent)” - Pager, Western, and Sugie 2009.
  5. Rodriguez, M. N., & Avery, B. (2016, April). Unlicensed & Untapped: Removing Barriers to State Occupational Licenses for People with Records [PDF]. Washington, DC: National Employment Law Project. http://nelp.org/content/uploads/Unlicensed-Untapped-Removing-Barriers-State-Occupational-Licenses.pdf
  6. “76% of respondents were unemployed five years after their release (deVuono-powell et al. 2015). In line with that national trend, roughly 3 in 4 Washingtonians entering community supervision were unemployed in 2015 and thus unlikely to contribute to the local economy.” https://www.urban.org/research/publication/criminal-background-checks-and-access-jobs/view/full_report p. 11
  7. Housing Access for People with Criminal Records: Statistics: “One study found that in some large urban areas, 30 to 50 percent of all people on parole are homeless” (1). https://static1.squarespace.com/static/57a0c10346c3c4c4a2f46b9d/t/58405a31f7e0abbb6e81778b/1480612402005/Housing+and+Criminal+Records+Statistics.pdf
  8. Housing Access for People with Criminal Records: Statistics: “In a recent survey of formerly incarcerated people and their families: 79% of survey participants were either ineligible for or denied housing because of their own or a loved one’s conviction history…”
  9. Beyond Second Chances pg. 29 “The US department of HUD requires lifetime bans from public housing for returning citizens convicted for certain offenses.” pg.28 in beyond second chances of these roughly 85 percent were in homeless shelters.”
  10. Housing Access for People with Criminal Records: Statistics “1 in 10 survey participants reported family members being evicted when loved ones returned.” https://static1.squarespace.com/static/57a0c10346c3c4c4a2f46b9d/t/58405a31f7e0abbb6e81778b/1480612402005/Housing+and+Criminal+Records+Statistics.pdf
  11. The National Reentry Resource Center: “As of 2016, an estimated 6.1 million people are prohibited from voting due to laws restricting voting rights for those convicted of felony-level crimes.” https://csgjusticecenter.org/nrrc/facts-and-trends/
  12. Christopher Uggen, Ryan Larson, and Sarah Shannon, 6 million lost voters: State-level estimates of felony disenfranchisement (Washington, DC: The Sentencing Project, 2016)
  13. The number of people disenfranchised because of a criminal record has grown from 1.17 million in 1976 to 6.1 million in 2016. Felony Disenfranchisement: A Primer. (n.d.). Retrieved March 13, 2018, from https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/felony-disenfranchisement-a-primer/
  14. People with a felony criminal record are restricted from jury service in 47 states. Felony Disenfranchisement: A Primer. (n.d.). Retrieved March 13, 2018, from https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/felony-disenfranchisement-a-primer/
  15. 33 million and 36.5 million children in the United States—nearly half of U.S. children—now have at least one parent with a criminal record. https://cdn.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/09060720/CriminalRecords-report2.pdf
  16. 66% of college collect criminal record information; 33% consider misdemeanors negatively; 20% deny admission based on the offense. https://juvenilerecords.jlc.org/juvenilerecords/documents/publications/future-interrupted.pdf
  17. The Sentencing Project. Americans with Criminal Records. Washington, DC: The Sentencing Project.

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